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China and India have both decided to expand their navies by building their own aircraft carriers. Both nations began by refurbishing Russian carriers before designing and building their own. China was able to refurbish the former Russian carrier it purchased and learned a lot while turning an unfinished Kuznetsov class carrier, the Varyag, into the Type 001 carrier Liaoning (CV-16).

中国和印度都决定建造自己的航空母舰,来发展自己的海军。这两个国家在设计和建造自己的航空母舰之前,都是先翻新俄罗斯的航空母舰。中国将一艘未完工的库兹涅佐夫级航空母舰“瓦良格”号进行翻新,改造为了001型航空母舰 “辽宁号”(CV-16),同时在这一过程中学到了很多东西。

India did not have the resources to do the refurbishing so they hired Russian firms to do the job. That was a disaster. The 45,000 ton Vikramaditya was originally a Russian Kiev class carrier that served in the Russian Navy from 1987 to 1995 but was then withdrawn from service because Russia could not afford to keep the carrier operational. The ship was put up for sale in 1996 and in 2005. India agreed to buy it if a few changes could be made. India ended up paying over $2.3 billion to refurbish the Kiev class ship and turn it into the Vikramaditya, which entered service in 2014.

而印度,没有能力对航空母舰进行翻修,所以他们请俄罗斯公司来进行这项工作,这是一场灾难,这艘4.5万吨重的“维克拉玛蒂亚”号原本是俄罗斯的基辅级航空母舰,1987年至1995年曾在俄罗斯海军服役,但后来由于俄罗斯负担不起航空母舰的运行费用而退役。这艘船于1996年和2005年被俄罗斯拿出来出售,最终,印度同意,如果航空母舰进行一些改装的话,可以购买这艘航空母舰。印度最终斥资23亿美元翻修了这艘基辅级航空母舰,并将其改造成2014年服役的维克拉玛蒂亚号。



China’s second aircraft carrier (CV-17 Shandong) was launched in April 2017. That was 25 months after construction began. This Type 001A carrier turned out to be (based on photographic comparisons and information officially released by the government and unofficially by many who live or work in or near the shipyard) 315 meters (1,033 feet) three percent longer that CV-16 and displaces 72,000 tons (11 percent more than CV-16). Obvious differences are a slightly (about 10 percent) smaller control tower and about ten percent more flight deck area.

中国的第二艘航空母舰(CV-17山东号)于2017年4月下水,这是航母开工之后的第25个月,这艘001A型航空母舰(根据照片对比和政府正式发布的信息,以及许多在造船厂或造船厂附近生活或工作的人非正式发布的信息)长315米(1033英尺),比CV-16长3%,排水量为72000吨,比CV-16多11%,两艘航母明显的区别在于CV-17有一个更小(小约10%)的控制塔台,飞行甲板面积比前者大约10%。

China admitted the CV-17 existed in 2016 and called it a Type 001A ship rather than Type 001 because it is slightly different from its predecessor. The 2016 announcement revealed more details, some of them already obvious. CV-17 is considered a new design but based on CV-16 (Liaoning). That first carrier was a 65,000 ton, 305 meter (999 feet) long ship that was itself a modified version of the last Cold War Russian carrier design. In 2016 China confirmed that CV-17 would also have the ski jump deck like Liaoning and would be somewhat heavier and incorporate new design features that would enable it to carry more aircraft (mainly the J-15) in a larger hanger deck (just below the flight deck) as well as more fuel and aircraft weapons. Since then photos of CV-17 under construction indicate that it also incorporates design features that will make it more capable of surviving combat damage as well as operating more efficiently and effectively as a carrier. In addition to the Chinese built J-15 fighter, the new carrier will also have some early-warning radar aircraft as well as some anti-submarine aircraft as well as some helicopters. CV-17 could apparently operate about 20 percent more aircraft than CV-16 (50 fixed wing and helicopters versus about 40).

中国在2016年正式公开了CV-17的存在,并称其为001A型航母,而不是001型,因为它与其前身略有不同,2016年的公开信息披露了更多细节,其中一些已经很明显,CV-17被认为是基于CV-16(辽宁号)新设计的,而CV-16辽宁号航空母舰是一艘65000吨、305米(999英尺)长的船,它本身就是冷战时期俄罗斯最后一艘航空母舰的改进版。2016年,中国证实,CV-17也将拥有像辽宁号一样的滑跃平台,而且吨位会更大一些,并有一些新的设计,使其能够携带更多的飞机(主要是J15)以及更多的燃料和武器。正在建造中的CV-17航母照片显示,它融入了一些新的设计特点,使它更容易在战斗损伤中幸存下来,并作为一艘航空母舰更有效、更高效地运行。除了中国制造的歼-15战斗机外,新的航空母舰还将拥有一些预警机以及一些反潜机和直升机。很明显的,CV-17可以比CV-16多运行20%的飞机(50架固定翼飞机以及直升机VS约40架)。



The Chinese navy is rapidly expanding with new Chinese warship designs built in Chinese shipyards and the construction is completed on time. That is the primary Chinese advantage, one that naval rival India is unable to compete with.

中国海军正在迅速扩张,中国造船厂设计建造新的中国军舰,并按时完工,这是中国的主要优势,而这,是作为海军竞争对手的印度,无法与之匹敌的。